Houses in Santorini island
Santorini is characterised by its picturesque white painted houses on the top of impressively high cliffs.
The main reason the inhabitants of Santorini were choosing areas so far away from the sea was the fear of the pirates.
A village in Santorini is very similar to all the villages in most of the Greek islands of the Cyclades: small white-painted houses with blue doors and windows divided by narrow streets.This kind of architecture can be explained by several reasons:
the small number of secure and easy to build on places, protection from the hard weather conditions (heavy hurricanes in winter and solar heat in summer), a shelter from the many pirates of the area, and also scarcity of construction material.
The design also suits the climate with the rock insulating in the winter and cooling in the summer.
From an architectural point of view, some of the most important characteristics of the construction style in Santorini are the caves that were built in the hill and in prolongation of each house.
These caves also kept an average temperature during the entire year. Because of the volcanic history and terrain of Santorini, many houses had some, or most of their interior, made by burrowing into the rock.
Today, many of these picturesque houses have been restored and turned into beautiful villas or hotel complexes.
These houses are located in the charming villages of Fira, Firostefani and Oia.
Because of the widespread wine making on the island, many houses also had their own tank installed to crush the grapes.
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