HOUSES OF KAMPUNG NAGA
THE TRADITIONAL SUNDANESE HOUSES OF KAMPUNG NAGA
A. Contributed by Ina Rizki Nuraini MAN 2 Ciamis, Indonesia LOCATION AND BORDERS
‘Kampung Naga’ lies at Desa Neglasari, Kecamatan Salawu, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia. In the west, it borders on small hills, in the east, on Ciwulan river, and in the north and south on small rivers.
‘Kampung Naga’, 1,5 hectare in width, has 112 buildings. Those are 109 houses, a mosque, a village hall, and a rice barn. Although the population are only 314 people, it has its own uniqueness especially on the way they build their houses and rooms which still maintains the traditional culture of their ancestors.
B. BUILDING MATERIALS
At ‘Kampung Naga’, wood and bamboos take a very important role, almost all parts of its buildings are made of them. As a result, we will find a natural atmosphere when visiting this village.
The walls, floors, windows, and door frameworks are made of wood while the door and kitchen floor of bamboos. In addition to its function as ventilation, the bamboo doors are used to watch the outdoor situation as well. The person in the house is able to see everything outside. Contrarily, The person outside can see nothing in the house.
The roofs consist of two different layers. The fist layer, is made of ‘Tepus’, dry plaited leaves of sugar palm trees, whereas the second one or the surface is of ‘Ijuk’, fibers of the sugar palm trees which are arranged neatly. ‘Ijuk’ can least more than 20 years. Besides durable, ‘Ijuk’ is a good material for roof because it will make the houses cool in the dry season and warm in the wet one.
C. BUILDING SHAPE
The shape of the houses looks a like. It stretches along to the side in a scaffolding style. At the front part, there are two doors and some windows. The door on the right leads to the living room and the one on the left to the kitchen. Some windows are of wood while some others of glass. At the back part, there are neither doors nor windows.
Those almost same houses will look more beautiful if they were seen from the distance because they are arranged face to face or back to back each other so that they look like anumber of tents a camping ground.
D. SPATIAL SYSTEM
1. Living Rooms
When we enter the living rooms, we will not find any chairs or tables as usual. They only have mats. When there is a guest, he will sit on the floor, Lesehan.
2. Family Rooms
In general, the family room are furnish by nothing. Only do some houses have a television set. There is no electricity so the villagers use batteries to turn the television on. In the evening, they use ‘Patromax’, kerosene pressure lanterns, to light up the houses.
In a house, there is usually a bedroom or two, depending on the family members.
4. Rice Barn
Each house has its own rice barn to store rice because almost all villagers are farmers.
The floor is made of ‘Pelupuh’, pounded bamboos, and the stove is called ‘hawu’, a traditional long firewood stove made a clay.
The toilets are apart from the houses. They are like very small huts without any roof with plaited-bamboo walls. They are provided on the ponds. Each of them has a water tap.
On the other ponds, there are spots to wash clothes and other things. They are made of bamboos but without any walls. Those spots have water taps as well.
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